Personal loans are the most availed kind of loan in India
Personal loans are popular in India as they are a type of unsecured, short-term credits which offer easy access to credits to pay meet sudden monetary requirements.
Get instant Personal Loans in just 10 seconds from HDFC Bank, one of India’s leading Banks.
Avail a Personal Loan Online with EMI’s starting at just Rs. 2149 per lakh!
What is an EMI?
The term EMI is short for Equated Monthly Instalment. An equated monthly instalment (EMI) is defined as the quantity that a loan receiver pays monthly to a lender so as to repay the money borrowed. There’s a specific date every month by which the EMI ought to be paid by the receiver.
The loan quantity and the accumulated interest is split equally over an amount and you’ll be able to simply calculate this final quantity with an EMI calculator. The amount of equated monthly instalments is equal to the number of months within the loan reimbursement tenure.
What is a Loan EMI Calculator?
EMI is the payment which the borrower makes every month towards loan repayment of the loan. EMI constitutes the principal amount along with the accrued interest. You can use the EMI calculator to calculate your monthly loan EMI pay-outs. The borrower just needs to enter the variables of the loan such as the principal amount, tenure, and interest rate and it instantly fetches a result which is the EMI.
Working of An EMI Calculator and The Factors That Affect Your EMI
An EMI calculator uses 3 key factors to calculate your EMI instantaneously and automatically:
Loan Amount: This refers to the borrowed amount of money. Normally, a higher loan amount means a higher EMI if the interest rate and tenure are kept constant. HDFC Bank offers personal loans starting from a minimal Rs.50,000 to as high as Rs.12 lakhs.
Loan Tenure: This refers to the repayment period of the loan amount. The loan tenure for a personal loan at HDFC Bank ranges from 12 months to 60 months, which enables you can choose the tenure as per your capabilities. Please also note that usually, a longer tenure means lower EMIs.
Interest Rate: This refers to the rate at which interest is levied on the personal loan. The interest rate for HDFC Bank’s personal loan is dependent on the bank’s 1-year MCLR, the Marginal Cost based lending rate, and varies between 10.5% – 21%.
Loan EMI usually increases with anincrease in the interest rate. Moreover, the EMI amount depends on the method by which interest is calculated, which is discussed in the subsequent section.
EMI Calculation Formula for Personal Loans:
There are 2 ways in which Personal Loan Interest Rates are calculated – Flat Rate and Reducing Balance Interest Rate
Diminishing charge per unit or reducing charge per unit is applicable to the outstanding loan balance once payment of every EMI is done.
A. Flat Rate Method: According to this methodology, an individual is charged a rate of interest on the entire loan quantity when initially borrowed. As a result, the EMI quantity remains constant throughout the loan tenure. The formula that supports this method of EMI calculation is as given below:
EMI Calculation by Flat Rate Method = (Principal + Interest) / Loan Duration in Months
Example: Mr. Y availed a loan of Rs. 10 lakhs at a flat rate of interest of 12% for a period of 36 months.
i.e., Interest for 1-year is 12% of Principal i.e., 12% of Rs.10 lakhs which is Rs.1,20,000
Thus, interest for 3 years equals to 3 * Rs.1,20,000 = Rs.3,60,000
In this technique, interest is charged solely on the outstanding loan principal and not the full quantity at first borrowed. Hence, this technique permits you to save a lot on the interest part of the loan. The formula that supports this method of EMI calculation is as given below:
P multiplied by R multiplied by (1+R) ^ n divided by [(1+R) ^ n-1]
P = Principal figure of the loan
R = Interest Rate
N = Number of instalments per month.
The above-mentioned terms, along with some additional fees, in this case, the processing fee are needed to determine your EMI.
For example, suppose you have opted for a personal loan of Rs. 20 lakhs for 2 years at an interest of 20 % p.a.
Initially, we need to convert the interest rate per annum into a monthly rate and the tenure into months.
To be able to calculate the rate of interest per month, we have to divide the annual interest rate by the number of months in a year, so monthly 20/12 = 1.66% per month
The loan tenure of 2 years must also be converted into months before taking it into consideration into the formula i.e., 24 months
Now we have the three different terms with us which we can integrate into the formula as follows:
The following table demonstrates the amortization schedule based on the example illustrated above.
Months (in Numbers)
EMI (Principal + Interest)
During the months initially, the principal amount is lower than the interest factor. As the period lengthens, the principal amount of the EMI with respect to the loan exceeds the interest portion.
HDFC Bank Personal Loan EMI Calculator Benefits
The idea of how much the borrower needs to pay towards their loan is, by far, the most important feature benefit of an EMI calculator. This helps them to avoid paying above their capacity in the long run that they do not end up straining themselves in financial distress. This Loan EMI calculator helps the borrower decide on an EMI amount which can be repaid without much trouble over the tenure of the loan.
There are a multitude of other advantages of EMI calculators, they are:
The calculator can be accessed anytime and anywhere. You can use the calculator multiple times, for 0 charge, and any number of times whenever you please. You do not have to go to the bank branch or lose yourself with the dilemma of figuring out complex and substantial mathematical calculations; instead, all you have to do is just access the internet and use the EMI calculator.
Doing calculations manually comes with the potential risk of making mistakes. Further, more mistakes can be made by repeatedly doing the same calculations and this leads to further erroneous results. Also, when you calculate EMIs personally on loans offered by different banks, the chances of errors increase further. Thus, the online EMI calculator aids you in making error-free calculations at the click of a button!
Saves you the time on complex calculations
The process of comparing the loans offered by different providers can often become very boring and time-consuming as you are using the same formula over and over again. By hand, you will be forced to spend long hours to calculate loans and thier respective EMIs. However, with this online tool, you have the advantage of saving your important time and complete all the lengthy and boring calculations in seconds! That being said, you can try out as many combinations for amount, tenure and rates of interest which you want to from the convenience of your home.
Aids the Financial Planning Process
While calculating the EMI for a loan, you should know the amount which you will have to pay when you take up a loan of the said amount, the tenure and also the interest rate. This will aid you in planning your finances prior to taking the loan so that your monthly budget does not take bear the burden! Another thing you can do is vary the parameters of the loan so as to reach the most suitable EMI as per your requirements.
An EMI calculator can be used for every loan
Calculating loan EMIs never was this simple! You can deploy various calculators for different types of loans, be it one for home, vehicle or education. Even though the criterion for every loan is vastly similar, there can be situations where you will feel the need to use loan specific EMI calculators. To be on the safer side of calculations, use a specific calculator for specific loan types.
You can also negotiate a bit on the rate with the loan provider. It just might work.
Payment of HDFC Personal Loan EMI – What are the various methods?
You can pay the EMI for an HDFC Bank personal loan in following three ways:
Standing Instruction (SI): This option enables automatic debit of personal loan EMIs from your HDFC Bank account, be it Savings or Current. Just fill in and submit the standing instruction request form to avail this facility. The Standing Instruction is the most preferred mode of payment, if you have an account with HDFC Bank. It saves you from the trouble of remembering the dates to make payments on time and thus avoiding late payment charges.
Electronic Clearing Service (ECS): If you do not possess any banking relationship, apart from a personal loan at HDFC Bank, you can use the Electronic Clearing Service (ECS) to make on times payments of your EMIs from a differentiate. This mode allows automatic deduction of the monthly EMIs from your Bank account which is not affiliated to HDFC Bank, at the end of monthly cycle. To make use of this service, fill out an ECS mandate form and submit it to HDFC Bank.
Post Dated Cheques (PDCs): You can also take the option of submitting post-dated cheques to pay your loan EMIs from your non-HDFC Bank account. To make use of this facility, you need to submit a fresh set of PDCs at the nearest HDFC Bank Loan Centre in a timely manner. Please note that currently, PDC are only collected at non-ECS locations.
It is recommended that you opt for either standing instruction (SI) or electronic clearing service (ECS) to pay HDFC Bank personal loan EMIs, as these methods are faster and less error prone than the use of PDCs.
Non-Payment of EMI Charges – Charges of Cheque Bounce and Penal Interest Charges
Below is a list of charges that apply to your HDFC Bank personal loan in addition to interest charges:
Charges for Repayment Instruction
Rs. 500/- per occurrence of cheque/SI/ECS dishonour + GST
Charges of Penal Interest
24% per annum, i.e., 2% per annum on the overdue EMI
Swap Charges (Cheque/Instrument)
Rs. 500/- per occurrence + GST
Duplicate Amortization Schedule Issuance Charges
Rs. 25/- per occurrence per set + GST
Re-issuance of photocopy of Loan Agreement/Documents
Rs. 250/- per occurrence per set + GST
Duplicate Statement Issuance Charges
Rs. 250/- per occurrence per set + GST
Rs. 500/- per occurrence per set + GST
Stamp Duty Charges
As per Stamp Act
How to Pay an Overdue EMI Online? The Steps:
If you defaulted on an EMI payment due of your personal loan by HDFC Bank, then follow the below steps to pay the overdue EMI online:
Step 1: Visit the portal of HDFC overdue EMI payment.
Step 2: Provide the various details of your HDFC Bank loan account.
Step 3: Enter the details of validation to make the payment.
Step 4: Receive a confirmation for the payment of your HDFC overdue EMI amount online and take a note the transaction reference number