The Ultimate Real Estate Guide for Beginners

  • July 5, 2022
  • 11 minutes read

What is Real Estate?

Real estate is land ownership, including buildings on that land and associated property rights. A real estate agent represents their client’s interests in every real estate process, from finding a property to purchasing and selling it.

What is the Real Estate Business?

Real estate is a business that deals with the purchase, sale, rental, or lease of land and the buildings thereon. It is also considered an industry that involves managing property to make money.

In today’s world, people have realized the importance of having their own homes. Consequently, people have started investing and buying properties for their future. The real estate industry has grown tremendously over the years due to this reason.

The economy in most countries has undergone many changes over the years. However, one thing that has remained constant is the demand for real estate. In other words, people are still interested in investing in properties, even if they don’t have the money to buy them outright.

The real estate business is a field that deals with the purchase, sale, and maintenance of real property (houses, apartments, etc.). The industry also includes other activities such as financing, accounting, and marketing.

The term “real estate” refers to any land or building. In most cases, the term refers to a structure used for residential and commercial purposes. For example, a restaurant may qualify as a real estate business because it uses the space in its building as if it owned the building itself.

What is Real Estate Investment?

The term “real estate investment” describes any transaction involving commercial property ownership, management, or renting. These transactions can occur in various fields: retail, industrial, office, and residential buildings.

To make money from real estate investment, you need the proper knowledge and experience. You will need a thorough understanding of how property works, how to value it correctly, and how to manage it efficiently.

Real estate investment can be very lucrative if done correctly. The best way to do this is by finding great deals on existing properties that need some TLC but still have potential value under current conditions.

Essential Terms in Real Estate

Real estate is a great place to make money, but it can also be a minefield. We’re here to help you navigate the uncharted waters of this robust industry.

Here’s what you need to know about some of the essential terms in real estate:

  • Buyer: A person who is purchasing real estate from the seller.
  • Seller: A person who is selling real estate to the buyer.
  • Buyer’s broker: In a real estate transaction, an agent represents buyers and sellers.
  • Selling broker: Sellers are agents who represent only one party in a real estate transaction.
  • Price per square foot (PSF): This measurement determines the value of a property by determining how much of its square footage is available for sale.
  • Asking price: The amount sellers ask for a property’s purchase price is often derived from it. Bargain hunting involves looking for homes with low purchases or high sales prices.
  • Negotiating skills: These skills allow you to get more out of your negotiations by understanding your needs and those of others involved in the transaction. They also help you identify when someone else might not be negotiating in good faith with you or others involved in a transaction.
  • Property Type: This is the type of property you’re considering. For example, if it’s an apartment building, it could be an apartment building or a condo. If it’s a house, then it could be a single-family house or a townhome.
  • The Neighborhood: The property’s location (or its planned location) is specified here. Each city and town has its neighborhood-and even each city and town has its neighborhood! The area where this particular property is situated might be described as “close to downtown,” “quiet,” “safe,” or something else unique and specific to that area.
  • Term: When a property is listed for sale, it is referred to as a listing period. During a listing period, a property is advertised for sale. It could be anywhere from 6 months to 5 years, depending on how long it takes.
  • Price per sqft: This is the price per square foot of living space in a property.
  • Assessed value: This is an estimate of how much money you would get if you sold your home or lot at today’s market prices. It’s not an exact number and doesn’t consider things like repairs needed or improvements that could make your home more valuable in the future.

What is Occupancy Certificate in Real Estate?

In real estate, an occupancy certificate is a document that establishes when a property has been leased to the tenant, and the landlord typically issues it. It may also be called a leasehold extension or lease assignment.

The term “occupancy” refers to whether a dwelling has been used for residential purposes. The term “lease” refers to an agreement between two parties granting one party the right to occupy property owned by another.

Occupancy certificates are a form of insurance that protects you and the seller if you buy or sell a home. They cover many aspects of the transaction, including:

  • What is the value of the property?
  • Who will live there?
  • How long will someone stay there?

If something goes wrong with your new house and requires repairs, you’ll get insured by the seller’s warranty.

An occupancy certificate is a document that proves your property has a tenant. This document helps the Landlord-Tenant Act of 1995 determine rent and payments from your business.

Suppose you are applying for government support or rental assistance. A Certificate of Occupancy must be maintained for at least one year to prove occupancy.

There are two main types of occupancy certificates: monthly and annual. A monthly occupancy certificate is issued, while a yearly one is published annually. You can get two certificates simultaneously if you want them both in one document.

You can complete the form yourself or have it completed by a real estate agent or broker. You should double-check that the information on both sides of the paper matches. If a tax agent prepares your taxes, they may not require some information (such as your Social Security number).

What are Transferable Development Rights in Real Estate?

TDRs are a type of real estate development that offers the developer the right to sell or lease the property after completion. TDRs are a way to monetize a scheme in advance, which can be especially important when developing land and buildings that the developer does not own.

Transferable Development Rights (TDRs) are a concept that can be applied to real estate to help ensure the success of a project. In short, TDRs allow one owner to sell their property to another party with the intent of developing it into something new.

The idea behind TDRs is that they promote a project’s success by encouraging the developer to make improvements and additions that benefit the existing residents. It also enables businesses to take advantage of market conditions. At the same time, they create their strategies, which may be advantageous in other ways (such as lowering interest rates).

Transferable Development Rights (TDRs), also known as “building blocks,” are a common way to sell real estate. They’re similar to land in that they’re both valuable assets. Still, they differ in that they are more specialized and more easily altered.

TDRs usually combined with other types of property sales, such as short or foreclosure sales. The value of the TDR will depend on its location, size, and condition. A large home located in a desirable neighborhood is likely to command a higher price than a smaller home in a less desirable part of town.

What is the Floor Area Ratio in Real Estate?

The floor area ratio (FAR) measures the amount of space a building occupies on its site. Are commonly stated as a percentage or a proportion. It indicates how large a property is relative to its lot size.

Floor Area Ratio, or FAR, is a measurement of the amount of space in a building divided by its total floor space used in real estate and construction.

For example, if you have a duplex with a total floor area of 3,000 square feet with 2,000 square feet of living space and 800 square feet of usable storage space, your FAR would be 2.67.

The floor area ratio (FAR) is the ratio of the total floor area of a property to its lot size. It calculates how much space a building takes up about its lot size. It is an essential factor in determining a property’s value.

In real estate, FAR is calculated by dividing the total square footage of a building by the total square footage of its lot. This allows for more accurate comparisons between properties and a more straightforward comparison between different types of buildings on the same lot.

The calculations are based on these factors:

  • The total square footage of a property (including both inside and outside);
  • The total square footage of its lot;
  • The depth or width of the lot

What is a Multiple listing service in Real Estate?

Multiple listing service is a real estate brokerage service that provides excess listings for sale by realtors. The MLS system was created in the mid-1980s, allowing brokers to create a database of houses and other real estate properties for sale. These listings can be seen by potential buyers interested in making a purchase or by brokers interested in promoting their sales. The MLS system also allows for the rapid distribution of information about available properties, which makes it easier for buyers to find and purchase homes.

The Multiple listing service (MLS) is a listing service that helps real estate professionals and investors connect. It provides a platform for real estate agents to list their properties for sale and a place where potential buyers can search for available listings.

For example, when you search for homes on the MLS, you’ll see all of the homes listed by local real estate agents within your geographic area. The data behind these listings include photos, descriptions, square footage, price range, bedrooms and bathrooms—and much more!

The search function allows you to narrow down your options based on specific criteria like location or size. Getting the exact information you need is much easier than ever! 

What is the Floor Space Index in Real Estate?

The floor space index, or FSI, is the total usable square feet ratio to the entire area. It is used to determine a building’s size relative to its lot size and can be used to compare structures with different lot sizes.

The floor space index measures the total square footage of a building. It’s used to estimate the number of people who can live in a home or determine how much space a house needs to be built out.

The Floor space index (FSI) measures how much space a building uses. It’s calculated by dividing the total floor area of a building by its footprint. The formula for FSI is:

       FSI = Total Floor Area / Building Size

This means that if you have a building with an area of 20,000 square feet and a footprint of 10,000 square feet, your FSI would be 2.

The higher the FSI, the more space you have per unit area of your property. This makes it easier to fit more people in your building or makes it more efficient regarding energy consumption.

For example, if you were looking to buy or sell a home, you might look at the floor space index and see that a 1,000-square-foot house has 466 square feet of usable space. That would indicate that it would be easy for you to live there comfortably with your family.

What are Preferential Location Charges in Real Estate?

Preferential location charges are a type of real estate tax levied on residential properties. They are often called “rental” or “lease” taxes, but they also apply to commercial property. The purpose of preferential location charges is to encourage property owners to locate their businesses in certain areas, especially those that provide the best access to transportation and other amenities. Local governments levy preferential location charges on new construction and building remodeling.

They are typically calculated as an annual percentage of the property’s assessed value. However, some cities charge only a flat fee per year regardless of how much value changes during that period. In some cases, preferential location taxes can fund public infrastructure improvements such as schools or parks.

What is Real Estate Regulatory Authority in Real Estate?

The real estate regulatory authority is a government agency that regulates the real estate market. It is also known as the “Real Estate Regulatory Commission” or “RECOM,” ensuring that all real estate market aspects are fair, legal, and transparent.

The primary purpose of this agency is to ensure that all aspects of the real estate market are fair, legal, and transparent. The objective is to protect consumers from unscrupulous practices in the industry by ensuring that everyone involved in real estate transactions has to follow a set of rules and regulations established by law.

The RERA enforces these rules and regulations through an array of strategies, including:

  • Investigating complaints against licensees (real estate agents), brokers, lenders, etc
  • Enforcing consumer protection laws such as those related to mortgages and lending practices
  • Protecting consumers from unfair business practices such as fraud or misrepresentation

Types of Real Estate

Real estate is a business that has many different types of properties. Each class has unique features and benefits, so it’s essential to understand their differences if you want to succeed as a realtor.

There are four main types of real estate: residential, commercial, industrial, and agricultural. Each style comes with its own unique set of challenges and opportunities.

  1. Residential Real Estate

Residential property is a home, apartment, or other facilities where people live. Residential real estate includes all types of buildings that have homes or apartments inside them, including single-family homes, townhomes, condominiums, and backyard cottages. It also includes hotels and motels. You can buy or sell residential real estate like any other property type. However, you can only own a residential property if you live there and pay rent.

  1. Commercial Real Estate

Commercial real estate includes office buildings, retail shops, hotels, and other businesses that operate in an area where many people need a place to work or shop. Commercial real estate is usually more expensive than residential real estate because it is in a room with high demand for services and products. Commercial real estate refers to land, buildings, and related structures used for business purposes. Examples of commercial real estate include office buildings, hotels, and shopping centers.

  1. Industrial Real Estate

Industrial real estate houses factories and warehouses for businesses that make things like food or clothing for sale on retail shelves around the world! Industrial real estate is also known as manufacturing or factory space because it’s usually located near factories where these types of businesses make their products daily! Industrial real estate refers to land and buildings used for industrial purposes, such as manufacturing plants, warehouses, and distribution centers.

  1. Land (also known as vacant land)

Land refers to any piece of property that isn’t being used for any purpose at this time—it could be empty or used by someone else. Land refers to land as opposed to other real estate types such as residential or commercial property. The land is considered a hard asset because it is one of the few assets that can be sold without any other assets (i.e., without selling your house).

Different Types of Real Estate Agents

Real estate agents are people who help you buy and sell homes, as well as manage your investments. They might specialize in a particular type of property or market—for example, a realtor who specializes in luxury homes might be referred to as a “luxury realtor” or “luxury broker.”

There are many real estate agents, so it’s essential to understand which type you’re working with to get the most out of your experience.

  • Realtors

Realtors are licensed professionals selling or renting real estate properties. They handle all aspects of the transaction, from finding clients and negotiating contracts to handling inspections and sales documents when they’re ready to close their deals.

  • Brokers

Brokers act as middlemen between buyers and sellers. They take care of all the paperwork needed before a property list on the market, then find buyers for properties that fit their client’s needs.

  • Selling Agents

Selling agents are realtors who have been trained in marketing techniques so they can make sure their listings stand out from the crowd. They also know how to price properties correctly, so buyers will come through their door when they want something new for their home or office space.

  • Buying Agents

Buying agents are like selling agents, but instead of finding buyers for houses or apartments, they look for homes for themselves! Their job is to make sure everything goes smoothly.

  • Dual Agent

A dual agent is a real estate agent who works for two different companies. They can be from the same company, but not all double agents work for the same company. A dual agent can be an independent broker, or they may work for a brokerage company that owns multiple branches. The benefits of working with a double agent are that they can provide you with more options and services than you would otherwise. They also have access to more resources in the field and can help you find the perfect property.

So, at Fincity, we believe that you can make the best decisions when you feel at home. That’s why we created an experience that gets the job done. Suppose you worry about how much loan you need or whether or not you’ll be able to find an ideal home. In that case, we want you to be able to enjoy life without worrying about your dream.

When searching for the right real estate, it’s crucial to have the right tools to get the job done. Our goal at Fincity is to help our clients obtain the ideal homes for their needs by providing them with the most appropriate home loans.

Our goal is to help you get started on the road to home bookings. Fincity believes that getting the right home loan should be as simple as having a fantastic experience and we strive to make that happen.

As our client, you will receive constant communication and transparency from our team until you find the perfect home for you.

Homeownership has become a reality for thousands of our customers!

“We don’t measure our success through awards—we measure it by how happy our clients are.”

Written by: Marketing Fincity

If you have concerns about your credit score or wish to apply for a home loan, get in touch with us - we'd love to hear from you!

Feel free to consult with a fincity advisor at and have all your doubts cleared!

Our experts can help you get the best home loan at the best interest rates!